Alexander was born in 356 BC and became King at the age of 20 in 336 BC. He was taught as a boy by the famous Aristotle. He was given the title “great” because during his whole career he never lost a battle.
His parents were Philip II of Macedonia and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus.
One of his earliest feats was the taming of the horse Bucephalus which he kept with him in all his conquests. Alexander first conquered all of Greece then headed towards Asia. He also solved the “Gordian Knot”. it was said whoever could untie or undo it was the king of all Asia. He solved it by cutting it in two with his sword.
Jerusalem was one of the major cities not destroyed because of a prophecy that a greek king would conquer the Persian empire so Alexander left them alone. He then went to Egypt and conquered it as well. Finally he went to finish the Asian conquest by defeating Darius III. Darius III was pushed around a bit by Alexander and then finally killed by his own men.
In the end Alexander the Great died of malaria in Babylon, and his great empire slowly collapsed and the nations within it battled for power. Over time, the cultures of Greece and the Orient synthesized and thrived as a side effect of Alexander’s Empire, becoming part of his legacy and spreading the spirit of Panhellenism.